How to Make a Wall Herb Garden

A wall herb garden is a great way to grow fresh herbs in a small space. Mounting the garden vertically saves room and makes the herbs easily accessible. Wall herb gardens can be designed for indoor or outdoor use. They are inexpensive to make and easy to customize to your space and needs. This article provides step-by-step instructions on how to make different types of wall herb gardens to fit any budget or skill level.

Benefits of a Wall Herb Garden

Growing herbs on a wall has many advantages:

  • Saves space – Vertical gardens don’t take up valuable floor or countertop real estate. You can grow a wide variety of herbs in a small footprint.
  • Convenient access – With herbs right on the wall, they are easy to harvest when cooking. No more running outside to the garden.
  • Decorative – A wall herb garden adds natural beauty and a pleasant, fresh scent to any room. It enhances your decor aesthetically.
  • Healthier herbs – Elevating herbs increases air circulation and drainage, keeping plants healthier. Less moisture means fewer diseases.
  • Customizable – Wall gardens can be designed to fit the space precisely. And you can pick your favorite herbs to grow.
  • Low maintenance – Vertical gardens need less watering and care compared to in-ground plantings. The confined space contains growth.

Getting Started: Design and Layout

The first step in creating your wall herb garden is deciding on the design and layout. Here are some factors to consider:

Location: Choose a place with ample sunlight, at least 6 hours per day. For outdoors, pick a sheltered spot safe from high winds. Make sure the wall is structurally sound to hold the weight.

Size: Determine how much space you want the garden to fill and which herbs you’ll grow. Taller herbs should go toward the back or middle. Limit wide herbs like basil to control overcrowding.

Irrigation: Figure out how you’ll water the wall garden. Options include drip irrigation, hand watering, or self-watering containers. Proper drainage is key.

Height: Lower heights around 3-5 feet are best for accessibility. Consider your height and arm span for maintenance. Stepladders can expand vertical reach.

Materials: What you build the garden from depends on budget, skill, and aesthetic preferences. Wood, metal, plastic, concrete blocks, and woven panels all work well.

Styles: Wall herb gardens come in many designs like stepped shelves, vertical towers, hanging pockets, and geometric patterns. Match the style to your space.

How to Make A Wall Herb Garden on a Budget

Wall herb gardens can be created inexpensively using common household materials:

Supplies Needed:

  • 1-2 wooden pallets
  • Landscape staples, screws, or zip ties
  • Sandpaper (optional)
  • Small plastic pots or nursery containers
  • Potting soil
  • Herb plants, seeds, or cuttings
  • Trowel and gloves

Instructions:

  1. Gather pallets in good, sturdy condition and disassemble them by removing boards. Use a hammer to take apart.
  2. Sand boards if desired to smooth rough edges. Wipe away dirt and debris.
  3. Reassemble pallet boards into a ladder shape ascending vertically up the wall. Use landscape staples, screws, or zip ties to attach boards every 6 inches.
  4. Place plastic nursery pots into openings between pallet slats, nestling snugly. Add bags of potting soil and plant herbs in each container.
  5. Consider painting pallet wood different colors to add whimsical flair. stencil on herb names.
  6. Attach trellising material like twine between pallet slats for climbing herbs to vine upwards.
  7. To water, use a watering can or attach a soaker hose along the top board. Let soil dry between watering.

This simple upcycled wall garden provides a cute home for herbs! Switch out plantings each season for variety.

How to Make an Indoor Wall Herb Garden

Growing herbs indoors allows you to harvest garden-fresh flavors year-round. Follow these instructions to create a living herb wall inside your home:

Supplies Needed:

  • Modular plastic trays or mesh hanging baskets
  • Small plastic pots
  • Bagged potting mix
  • Herb seeds, seedlings or cuttings
  • LED grow lights (optional)

Instructions:

  1. Select a warm, sunny indoor spot for your wall garden, like the kitchen. South-facing walls work well.
  2. Install commercial modular trays as a vertical system, or affix recycled hanging baskets to the wall with heavy duty hooks.
  3. Fill plastic cell packs or small pots with quality potting soil. Herbs only need 4-6 inches of soil depth.
  4. Sow herb seeds or plant seedlings in containers. Choose compact herbs like thyme, oregano, chives, or basil.
  5. Water trays thoroughly after planting. Allow soil to dry out some between watering.
  6. Use grow lights to supplement natural sunlight if needed. Suspend lights 6-12 inches above plants.
  7. Mist herb leaves occasionally with water and pinch back leggy growth. Harvest by cutting stems with kitchen shears.
  8. Change plantings seasonally, growing cool weather herbs like parsley in winter. Fertilize plants each month.

With a bit of care, your indoor wall herb garden will thrive! Cut fresh herbs to instantly elevate soups, salads, and more.

Vertical Herb Gardens Outdoors

Want to grow a bounty of herbs outside? Take your wall garden outdoors with these simple techniques:

Hanging Pocket Wall

This charming wall features herb-filled pouches hanging in rows.

Supplies Needed:

  • Heavy duty wire fencing or lattice
  • Sturdy wooden boards for framing
  • Hooks and wire for mounting
  • Burlap, felt or cotton pouches with drainage holes
  • Potting mix
  • Herb plants

Instructions:

  1. Build a secure wooden frame and attach wire fencing material tautly to the back.
  2. Screw in heavy hooks along the top and bottom edges.
  3. Loop galvanized wire through the top of each pouch leaving room for plants to grow below.
  4. Hang pouches from hooks in attractive arrangements by twisting wire ends.
  5. Plant herb seedlings or cuttings in potting soil in each pouch. Water the wall immediately after.
  6. Let the herbs grow lush and cascade over the edges. Mist and feed with organic fertilizer.
  7. Clip herbs at their peak, before flowers develop.

Vertical Pallet Garden

Upcycled wooden pallets stacked tall make an inexpensive vertical garden for outdoors.

Supplies Needed:

  • 2-3 wooden pallets, medium size
  • Landscape staples, screws, or zip ties
  • Power drill
  • Small plastic nursery pots
  • Bagged potting mix
  • Herb plants or seeds
  • Gravel or decorative rocks (optional)

Instructions:

  1. Break pallets down into boards and lay out in ladder shape ascending upwards.
  2. Reassemble pallets by screwing or stapling boards together to form a tower. Leave 3 inch gaps between slats.
  3. Place nursery pots snugly into the openings, fitting a few per row.
  4. Fill pots with potting mix and plant with herbs like oregano, rosemary, chives, etc. Consider mixing flowering plants too.
  5. Water the herb wall immediately after planting. Let soil dry between waterings.
  6. Spread gravel or rocks at the garden base for decoration and to reduce mud.
  7. Pinch and prune herb plants often. Harvest by cutting stems with kitchen shears.

This simple pallet wall herb garden adds rustic charm to gardens and patios!

Herb Wall Planter Box

For a stylish look, construct a customized planter box herb garden on a wall or fence.

Supplies Needed:

  • 1-2 wooden boards, 1×4 or 1×6 (cedar recommended)
  • Landscape fabric
  • Staple gun or hammer
  • Saw
  • Wood screws
  • Power drill
  • Trowel
  • Small terra cotta or plastic pots
  • Potting soil
  • Herb plants

Instructions:

  1. Measure wall space and cut boards to desired dimensions. Join boards together with wood screws to form outer frame.
  2. Cut landscape fabric roughly 2 inches larger than frame. Stretch fabric across the back of the frame. Staple or nail fabric to secure tightly.
  3. Mount assembled frame against wall or fence using heavy screws. Place in optimal sun location.
  4. Arrange small pots creatively within the frame and fill with potting mix. Plant herbs like lavender, sage, chives, etc.
  5. Water immediately after planting. Let soil dry out between waterings.
  6. Nourish herbs with occasional organic fertilizer. Trim and harvest herbs often.

The finished planter box adds a pop of color and fresh herbs in a tidy, organized way. Get creative painting the frame different colors!

Unique Vertical Herb Garden Ideas

Looking for an unusual vertical garden design? Consider these innovative herb wall ideas:

  • Stagger stacked crates or boxes on a wall, with herbs planted in the openings.
  • Mount a wire cylinder planter on a wall or railing to grow herbs in a spiral shape.
  • Affix skinny planter rails to a wall and slide in long, narrow herb pots.
  • Create a “living picture frame” by attaching potted herbs around a frame nailed to the wall.
  • Use magnets to hold small terracotta pots against a sheet of metal flashing on the wall.
  • Hang a wire basket planter on a pulley system to raise and lower for easy maintenance.
  • Stack concrete blocks with pockets for potted herb plants.
  • Use food cans attached to wire or nailed to boards to hold individual herb plants.
  • Display herbs in colorful mason jars lined up on shelves against the wall.

With creativity and the right materials, you can design a completely unique vertical garden to show off your favorite herbs!

Tips for Maintaining a Healthy Wall Herb Garden

Caring properly for your wall herb garden ensures it thrives for years to come:

  • Water when soil is partly dry. Check pots often and water based on needs. Drip irrigation works well.
  • Improve drainage by mixing potting soil with perlite or small rocks. Herbs hate wet roots.
  • Apply organic vegetable fertilizer monthly or use compost tea to feed plants.
  • Prune herbs frequently by cutting stems 1/3 down to encourage bushy growth. Always cut above leaf nodes.
  • Watch for pests like aphids or whiteflies. Use insecticidal soap sprays for treatment. Pick off bugs by hand.
  • Clean debris and remove dead leaves/stems regularly to limit disease.
  • Check soil pH annually and amend if needed – most herbs prefer slightly alkaline soil around 6.5-7 pH.
  • Repot herbs in fresh soil every 2 years or so to replenish nutrients. Divide overcrowded plants.
  • Rotate heat-loving herbs to shadier spots in summer. Move delicate herbs somewhere warmer for winter.

With proper maintenance, your vertical herb wall will stay healthy and productive for many years of happy harvesting!

Conclusion

Creating a wall herb garden is an easy, fun project for gardeners of all levels. Make one this weekend and enjoy the convenience of having fresh herbs within arm’s reach. Tailor the design to your personal tastes – get creative with materials and layouts. Plant your go-to cooking herbs so you can snip a few leaves anytime to add bold flavor to meals. Get the whole family involved and reap the rewards together. Let your wall herb garden inspire you to get creative with vertical gardening!